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Terms of Reference
1. Background and Rationale
In Wajir County – as in most Arid and Semi-Arid Land (ASAL) counties – malnutrition, food insecurity, and deleterious health outcomes remain unacceptably high. High rates of food insecurity and poor nutrition outcomes are closely related and chronic and serious food security considerations exacerbate dynamics that drive negative nutrition outcomes. A number of concerning developments have occurred in Wajir County recently. Depressed rains have raised the risks of drought, household animal milk production is far below long-term averages and wet year prices, and an estimated 550,000 people in Wajir County were food insecure (IPC Phase 2 or worse) in the final months of 2020.
Poor health outcomes in the county are reaching high levels. According to the 2019 SMART Survey, rates of malaria like symptoms (42.7%), Acute Respiratory Infections (56.7%) and watery diarrhea (30.5%) remain the most prevalent morbidities found among respondents who reported symptoms within the two weeks prior to being interviewed. Additional major contributing factors identified by the Kenyan Ministry of Health include inadequate dietary diversity and insufficient medical facilities and services. Major contributors identified by the Ministry of Health (MoH) include inadequate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices supporting other findings that have reported low rates of efficacious IYCF practices in Wajir County.
In response to the above-mentioned needs, RACIDA and Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe are planning to implement an integrated health and nutrition cash transfer program to address the needs of communities in Basir, Bulla Hagar, Arbajahan, Mansa, and Sarmman in Wajir County. RACIDA will work through existing ministry of health structures and will utilize community health structures.
2. Baseline Survey Objectives
I. To establish baseline information for measuring progress of project log frame indicators at community level after project implementation.
II. Produce a baseline report that will be used for monitoring and benchmarking of the project and to guide implementation.
2.1. Questions to be addressed by the Survey.
The Specific Project Indicators, which the consultant will be expected to contribute towards knowledge of are detailed below:
Contribute to improved nutrition status and food security among 1000 HHs in Wajir county in Kenya
Ensure Moderate and Severe malnutrition levels are reduced as immediate food and nutrition needs among Target HHs in Wajir County are met and community initiatives to monitor and take care of individuals affected by malnutrition are promoted”
Improved access to food among 1000 targeted HH
Improved management of acute malnutrition in Arbajahan, Bulla Hagar, Basir ,Mansa and Sarmman Communities.
The consultant is expected to utilize a mixed-methods approach with both quantitative and qualitative data from five villages of Basir, Bulla Hagar, Arbajahan, Mansa, and Sarmman in three sub-counties of Wajir County.
3.1. Quantitative Data Collection
The core of the assessment will consist of a randomized quantitative survey. The survey will collect data food security, nutrition, and health sectors. All data will be disaggregated by sex, age, and disability. The baseline study will sample community members and other stakeholders from the project locations. The consultant is expected to propose quantitative methodology that is scientific, culturally appropriate, and will leverage both qualitative and quantitative data.
3.1.1. Household Questionnaire
Quantitative survey tools will be determined on the basis of Consultant expertise. RACIDA priorities and knowledge, and Consultant-RACIDA engagement, and the tools will be finalized by RACIDA.
3.1.2. Sampling Framework
A sample of respondents, stratified by gender, will be randomly selected in each target area for the quantitative survey. The sample will be statistically representative of the populations living in each target area based on the acceptable statistical sampling techniques. This should be in line with various contextual factors and proposed project site.
3.1.3. Sampling Methodology**
To identify survey respondents, the survey will use a random sampling approach. RACIDA suggests that the consultant propose a sampling methodology that they deem to be most appropriate. Any proposed methodology should ensure gender representation.
participants will be classified as either male or female, according to the sampling framework above. In each classification, data collectors will seek respondents of that gender. If there is more than one adult within the household of that specific gender, the data collectors will provide an introduction to the assessment and ask household members who they think among them can provide information given the nature of the assessment.
The consultant must ensure that all participants in the household survey have given consent to participate in the study.
3.2. Qualitative Data Collection
Qualitative data collection methods will include Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews with community members, community health workers, community leaders, RACIDA staff, ministry officials, and other relevant partners deemed appropriate. Example FGD participants include members of target communities, including women, youth, men, elders, and the like, and KIIs may include Ministry of Health Officials in Wajir County. The consultant team is expected to propose KII and FGD participants on the basis of their knowledge.
Qualitative data collection tools will be determined on the basis of Consultant expertise, RACIDA priorities and knowledge, and Consultant-RACIDA engagement, and the tools will be finalized by RACIDA.
3.2.1. Focus Group Discussions**
The FGDs will have the following goals:
Participants will be selected by data collectors in the field based on selection criteria for each sample group. Each focus group with consist of 8 – 10 participants. To account for the sensitive nature of information which might be discussed during the FGDs, female facilitators will be involved in conducting the female FGDs and male facilitators involved in male FGDs.
All participants must give written consent to participate in the FGD.
3.2.2. Key Informant Interviews
KIIs will also be conducted as part of the qualitative data collection. Interviews in each target area will be expected and will be expected to include PLWDs. KII should be conducted using both closed questionnaires and open-ended questionnaires, depending on the Key Informant.
The interviews will have the following goals:
3.2.3. Survey Administration**
The survey will be administered using ODK/Kobo Tool Box. A number of checks will be put in place to ensure the quality and accuracy of the data collected. These will include but are not limited to:
3.2.4. Survey Quality and Ethical Standards**
The consultant shall take all reasonable steps to ensure that the survey is designed and conducted to respect and protect the rights and welfare of the people and communities involved and to ensure that the survey is technically accurate and reliable, is conducted in a transparent and impartial manner, and contributes to organizational learning and accountability. Therefore, the survey team shall be required to adhere to the survey standards and applicable practices as recommended by IFRC.
Utility – Surveys must be realistic, diplomatic, and managed in a sensible, cost-effective manner.
Ethics & Legality – Surveys must be conducted in an ethical and legal manner, with particular regard for the welfare of those involved in and affected by the survey.
Transparency – Survey activities should reflect an attitude of openness and transparency.
Accuracy – Survey should be technically accurate, providing sufficient information about the data collection, analysis, and interpretation methods so that its worth or merit can be determined.
Participation – Stakeholders should be consulted and meaningfully involved in the survey process when feasible and appropriate.
Collaboration – Collaboration between key operating partners in the survey process improves the legitimacy and utility of the survey.
It is also expected that the survey will respect the seven fundamental principles of the Red Cross Red Crescent: 1) Humanity, 2) Impartiality, 3) Neutrality, 4) Independence, 5) Voluntary Service, 6) Unity, and 7) Universality.
3.3.1. Obligations of the Consultant
3.3.2. Obligations of RACIDA
4. Consultancy Requirements
4.1. Duration of the Consultancy: 12 days **
The evaluators’ will be required of the following but not limited to;
a. Table of contents
b. Executive Summary
c. Objectives of the Baseline, Methodology, and any challenges encountered in the field.
d. A presentation of the findings and the analysis.
f. Recommendations with clear guidelines on how they can be implemented.
g. Report Annexes
5. Qualifications and Evaluation Criteria of the Consultant
5.1. Key Selection Criteria
The independent consultant/consultancy firm must demonstrate experience and expertise as follows:
5.2. Application Evaluation Criteria
Evaluation Criteria 1
Consultant Academic and Professional Qualification
Evaluation Criteria 2
Consultant Prior Work Experience
Detailed and specific experience in undertaking similar roles highlighting;
Bidder must attach detailed CV
Understanding of the terms of reference that includes:
Language and analytical skills
Demonstrated capacity for high-level analysis and report writing, includes:
· Organizing and facilitating the conduct of capacity building activities.
· Excellent interpersonal and communication skills, including the ability to communicate and work with a wide range of stakeholders in a participatory, respectful, collaborative manner, and to enhance effective work relationships.
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